Cayol Valérie

CNRS Research fellow
Volcanology group of Laboratoire Magmas and Volcanoes (LMV)
Tel: 33 (0)4 73 34 67 69 ou 04 77 48 15 36

Two children : Eliaz born in december 2000 and Silvan born in July 2003

  • Research :

    • Study of the transfer and storage of magma
    • Study of the interactions between magma movement and faults
    • Study of the influence of intrusions on flank stability
    • Development of methods for the analysis of deformation and seismicity data (boundary elements, fictitious domain methods, point source superposition, inversion methods)

    Targets: Piton de la Fournaise volcano (Réunion Island, France), Nyiragongo and Nyamulagira volcanoes (Democratic Republic of Congo), Kilauea Volcano (Hawaii, U.S.A.), Soufriere Hills volcano (Montserrat, West Indies).

    Scientific and Administrative Responsibilities :

    • Advisor of post-doctorat students: N. Fournier (2004), P. Tinard (2008-2009), S. Court (2013-)
    • Advisor and co-advisor of 7 doctorat research: O. Roche (1998-1999), F. Ranvier (1999-2003), Y. Fukushima (2002-2005), P. Tinard (2004-2007), C. Wauthier, (2007-2011), A. Augier (2008-2011), T. Catry (2009-2011), M. Tridon (2012-).
    • Advisor and co-advisor of several master students from LMV (P. Tinard, L. Gailler, C. Wauthier., F. Albino, A. Augier, S. Menassian), LIMOS (A. Kouassi) and engineer students
    • PhD examiner for the thesis of Aline Peltier at University of la Réunion (july 2008), Paola Traversa at LGIT, University Joseph Fourier at Grenoble (october 2009), Fabien Albino at LGIT, University Joseph Fourier at Grenoble (Jan. 2011), Andrew Toombs at the University of Reading (June, 2011), Agathe Schmid at LGIT, University Joseph Fourier at Grenoble (Oct. 2011), Anne Obermann (LGIT, 2013)
    • 2012: Member of the program commitee for the AGU Chapman conference “Hawaiian volcanoes, from source to surface“, Hawaii
    • 2012-present: Steering comittee member for Belgium Federal Science Policy Office (Belspo) project on Earth observation VI-X : Study and monitoring of Virunga volcanoes using Tandem-X
    • 2011: Member of the scientific committee for the EFIDIR spring school (fttp:// at les houches, April 2011
    • 2007-present: Member of the scientific comitte of Vulcania in St Ours.
    • Reviews for Nature Geoscience, Tectonophysics, Journal of Geophysical research, Geophysical research Letter, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interior, Bulletin of Volcanology.
    • Review of projects for the NSF, Icelandic Research Fund, Observatoire des Sciences de l’Univers de Grenoble (OSUG)

    Community service :

    • 2011-present: in charge of the computer commission for Laboratoire Magmas et volcans.
    • 2002-2005 and 2010: Member of recruiting committee at ISTerre at Université de Savoie (2010).
    • 2001-2004: Seminar organization for the Laboratoire Magmas et Volcans
    • 1999-2003: Member of the laboratory committee for Laboratoire Magmas et Volcans
    • 2012 and 2001: Member of the permanent Jury for Master2 at LMV.

    Collaboration :

    • Laboratoire d’Informatique, Modélisation et Optimisation des Systèmes (LIMOS) and laboratoire de Mathématiques (LM) de l’Université B. Pascal in the Framework of the Clervolc project.
    • Université de la Réunion, IPGP
    • Royal Museum for central Africa, Tervuren, Belgium.
    • National Museum of Natural History, Walferdange, Luxembourg
    • Research Center for Earthquake Prediction, Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, Japan.
    • The Pennsylvania State University
    • Arizona State University.

    Teaching :

    • Introduction to numerical modeling, Introduction to geomechanics, Deformations at La Réunion, Master 1, Master 2, Laboratoire Magmas et Volcans, Univ. Blaise Pascal, Clermont-Ferrand, France.
    • Rock mechanics and numerical modelling, Master 2, IPGP, France

    Background :

    • 1998-Present: Research Fellow, CNRS, Laboratoire Magmas et Volcans, University of Clermont-Ferrand.
    • 1996-1997: Post-Doctorat, U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park.
    • 1996 Ph. D. in Geophysics, IPGP, Mention très honorable avec félicitations.
    • 1992 D.E.A. in Geophysics, Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris (IPGP), Mention Assez Bien.
    • 1991 Engineering Degree, Université de Technologie de Compiègne.


    Piton de la Fournaise and Piton des Neiges volcanoes (Réunion island, France) Nyiragongo and Nyamuragira volcanoes (Democratic Republic of the Congo) Kilauea volcano (Hawaii, U.S.A.) Soufriere Hills (Montserrat, West Indies)




  • Publications :

    • Smittarello D., Cayol V., Pinel V., Peltier A., Froger J.L., Ferrazzini V. (2019). Magma propagation at Piton de la Fournaise from joint inversion of InSAR and GNSS. Journal of Geophysical Research - Solid Earth DOI:10.1029/2018JB016856 .

    • Bodart O., Cayol V., Court S., Koko J. (2016). Fictituous domain method for fracture models in elasticity, Progress in industrial mathematics at ECMI 2014. vol.22, Editors G. Russo, V. Capasso, G. Nicosia, V. Romano, ISBN 978-3-319-23412-0, Springer International Publishing (ed.).
    • Bodart O., Cayol V., Court S., Koko J. (2016). XFEM-Based fictious domain method for linear elasticity model with crack. SIAM Journal on Scientific Computing (SISC) vol.38, p.B219-246, 2, DOI:10.1137/15M1008385 .
    • Froger J.L., Cayol V., Famin V. (2016). The March-April 2007 eruption of Piton de la Fournaise as recorded by interferometric data. In: P. Bachèlery, L., J.F., Di Muro, A., Michon, L. (Editors) (ed.) Active Volcanoes of the Southwest Indian Ocean: Piton de la Fournaise and Karthala. Active Volc.
    • Tridon M., Cayol V., Froger J.L., Augier A., Bachèlery P. (2016). Inversion of coeval shear and normal stress of Piton de la Fournaise flank displacement. Journal of Geophysical Research - Solid Earth vol.121, DOI:10.1002/2016JB013330 .

    • Carey R., Cayol V., Poland M., Weis D. (2015). Hawaiian Volcanoes, From Source to Surface. vol.208, p.600, Hawaiian Volcanoes, From Source to Surface, Geophysical Monograph Series, Wiley (ed.), SBN: 978-1-118-87204-8, DOI:10.1002/9781118872079 .
    • Carey R., Cayol V., Poland M., Weis D. (2015). Hawaiian Volcanoes, From Source to Surface, Geophysical Monograph Series. vol.208, p.600 p., ISBN: 978-1-118-87204-8, Wiley (ed.), DOI:10.1002/9781118872079 .
    • Froger J.L., Famin V., Cayol V., Augier A., Michon L., Lénat J.F. (2015). Time-dependent displacements during and after the April 2007 eruption of Piton de la Fournaise, revealed by interferometric data. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research vol.296, p.55-68, DOI:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2015.02.014 .
    • Wauthier C., Cayol V., Smets B., d’Oreye N., Kervyn F. (2015). Magma pathways and their interactions inferred from InSAR and stress modeling at Nyamulagira Volcano, D.R. Congo. Remote Sensing vol.7, p.15179-15202, DOI:10.3390/rs71115179 .

    • Cayol V., Catry T., Michon L., Chaput M., Famin V., Bodart O., Froger J.L., Romagnoli C. (2014). Sheared sheet intrusions as mechanism for lateral flank displacement on basaltic volcanoes: Application to Réunion Island volcanoes. Journal of Geophysical Research Letters 119. DOI:10.1002/2014JB011139 .
    • Remy D., Froger J.L., Perfettini H., Bonvalot S., Gabalda G., Albino F., Cayol V., Legrand D., De Saint Blanquat M. (2014). Persistent uplift of the Lazufre volcanic complex (Central Andes): New insights from PCAIM inversion of InSAR time series and GPS data. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems 15. DOI:10.1002/2014GC005370 .

    • Wauthier C., Cayol V., Poland M., Kervyn F., d’Oreye N., Hooper A., Samsonov S., Tiampo K., Smets B. (2013). Nyamulagira’s Magma Plumbing System Inferred from 15 years of InSAR, Remote Sensing of Volcanoes and Volcanic Processes : Integrating .Oservations and Modelling, p.. DOI:10.1144/SP380.9 .

    • Froger J.L., Souriot T., Villeneuve N., Rabaute T., Durand P., Cayol V., Di Muro A., Staudacher T., Fruneau B. (2012). Apport des données TerraSAR-X pour le suivi de l’activité du Piton de la Fournaise. Revue Française de Photogrammétrie et de Télédétection 197, 86-101. .
    • Wauthier C., Cayol V., Kervyn F., d’Oreye N. (2012). Magma sources involved in the 2002 Nyiragongo eruption, as inferred from an InSAR analysis. Journal of Geophysical Research 117, B05411. DOI:10.1029/2011JB008257. .

    • Fukushima Y., Cayol V., Durand P., Massonnet D. (2010). Evolution of magma conduits during the 1998–2000 eruptions of Piton de la Fournaise volcano, Réunion Island Journal of Geophysical Research 115, B10204, 21 PP., 2010. DOI:10.1029/2009JB007023 .

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