The volcanoes we study

Understanding volcanism requires the acquisition of field data: visible and thermal imagery, geophysical campaigns, gas, rock and ash sampling for petrological and geochemical analyses, mapping of deposits and destruction, etc.

Our targets depend on the current activity, research themes and our collaborations with French laboratories and observatories, as well as partner countries.

Soufrière de Guadeloupe

Multi-gas measurements of the activity of the Soufrière of Guadeloupe (photo S. Moune)

Piton de la Fournaise volcano (Réunion)

Lava sampling (photo G. Boudoire)

Related publications :

Boudoire G., Rizzo A.L., Arienzo I., Di Muro A. (2020). Paroxysmal eruptions tracked by variations of helium isotopes: inferences from piton de la fournaise (La Réunion island). Scientific Report vol.10, p.9809, – DOI:10.1038/s41598-020-66260-x 


Rheology, temperature and flow measurements (photos O. Chevrel)

Related publications :

  • Harris A.Mannini S.Thivet S.Chevrel O.Gurioli L., Villeneuve N., Di Muro A., Peltier A. (2020). How shear helps lava to flow. Geology vol.48, p.154-158, 2, – DOI:10.1130/G47110.1
  • Chevrel O., Pinkerton H., Harris A. (2019). Measuring the viscosity of lava in thefield: A review. Earth Sciences Reviews vol.196, – DOI:10.1016/j.earscirev.2019.04.024.
  • Chevrel O., Labroquère J., Harris A., Rowland S.K. (2018). PyFLOWGO: An open-source platform for simulation of channelized lava thermo-rheological properties. Computers and Geosciences vol.111, p.167-180, – DOI:10.1016/j.cageo.2017.11.009.
  • Chevrel O.Harris A., James M.R., Calabrò L., Gurioli L., Pinkerton H. (2018). The viscosity of pāhoehoe lava: in situ syn-eruptive measurements from Kilauea, Hawaii. Earth and Planetary Science Letters vol.493, p.161-171, – DOI:10.1016/j.epsl.2018.04.028.
  • Gurioli L, Di Muro A, Vlastélic I, Moune S, Thivet S, Valer M, Villeneuve N, Boudoire G, Peltier A, Bachèlery P, Ferrazzini V, Métrich N, Benbakkar M, Cluzel N, Constantin C, Devidal J-L, Fonquernie C, Hénot J-M (2018) Integrating field, textural and geochemical monitoring to track eruption triggers and dynamics: a case-study from Piton de la Fournaise, Solid Earth, 9, 431-455, 9-1-2018Harris, A. J. L., Chevrel, M. O., Coppola, D., Ramsey, M. S., Hrysiewicz, A., Thivet, S., Villeneuve, N., Favalli, M.,
  • Peltier, A., Kowalski, P., DiMuro, A., Froger, J.-L. and Gurioli, L.: Validation of an integrated satellite‐data‐driven response to an effusive crisis: the April–May 2018 eruption of Piton de la Fournaise., Ann. Geophys., 61, doi:10.4401/ag-7972, 2019.
  • Thivet S, Gurioli L, Di Muro A, Eychenne J, Besson P, Nedelec JM (2020c) Variability of ash deposits at Piton de la Fournaise (La Reunion Island): insights into fragmentation processes at basaltic shield volcanoes. Bulletin of Volcanology, 82:63,
  • Thivet S, Gurioli L, Di Muro A, Derrien A, Ferrazzini V, Gouhier M, Coppola D, Galle B, Arellano S (2020b) Evidences of plug pressurization enhancing magma fragmentation during the September 2016 basaltic eruption at Piton de la Fournaise. G-Cubed DOI: 10.1029/2019GC00861


Andean volcanism

Tungurahua volcano, Ecuador (photo K. Kelfoun)

Reventador volcano, Ecuador. Morphology and geochemistry of lava flows (photo K. Kelfoun)

Tutupaca volcano, Peru (photo O. Roche). Study of pyroclastic flows.

Sabancaya volcano, Peru (photo F. Donnadieu). Plume study and measurements with the Voldorad radar.

Socompa volcano, Atacama, Chile. Structures and geochemistry of the debris avalanche (photo K. Kelfoun)


Calbuco volcano, Chile (photo O. Roche). Study of pyroclastic flows.

Masaya volcano, Nicaragua

Measurements of the geochemistry of volcanic gases.

Indonesian volcanism

Installation of visible and thermal monitoring cameras on the Merapi volcano (Java, Indonesia).
VELI instrumented site (IRD-INSU), BPPTKG collaboration (Merapi observatory)
Study of lava dome destabilization and the genesis of associated pyroclastic flows.

(photos K. Kelfoun)

Related publications :

Monitoring the growth of the 2018-2019 dome and its collapses:

  • Kelfoun K., Santoso A.B., Latchimy T., Bontemps M., Nurdien I., Beauducel F., Fahmi A., Putra R., Dahamna N., Laurin A., Rizal M.H., Sukmana J.T., Gueugneau V. (2021). Growth and collapse of the 2018−2019 lava dome of Merapi volcano. Bulletin of VolcanologyDOI:10.1007/s00445-020-01428-x. ⇒Accès libre

Pyroclastic flow modelling :

Water sampling for geochemical analysis, Sirung volcano, Indonesia (photo P. Bani)

Bani, P., Alfianti, H., Aiuppa, A., Oppenheimer, C., Sitinjak, P., Tsanev, V., Saing, U.B., 2017. First study of the heat and gas budget for Sirung volcano, Indonesia. Bull. Volcanol. 79:60.


Dukono volcano, North Moluccas, Indonesia (photo P. Bani)

  • Bani, P., Tamburello, G.,  Rose-Koga, E.F.,  Liuzzo M., Aiuppa, A., Cluzel, N., Amat, I., Syahbana, D.K., Gunawan, H., 2018. Dukono, the predominant source of volcanic degassing in Indonesia, sustained by a depleted Indian-MORB. Bull. Volcanol. 80:5.
  • Saing, B.U., Bani, P.*, Haerani, N., Aiuppa, A., Primulyana, S., Alfianti, H., Syahbana, D.K., Kristianto, 2020. First characterization of Gamkonora gas emission, North Maluku, East Indonesia.  Bulletin of Volcanology, 82:37.


(photo G. Boudoire)

Related publications :

  • Burgi P.-Y., Boudoire G., Rufino F., Karume K., Tedesco D. (2020). Recent Activity of Nyiragongo (Democratic Republic of Congo): New Insights From Field Observations and Numerical Modeling. Geophysical Research Letters vol.47, p.e2020GL088484, 17, – DOI:10.1029/2020GL088484


(photo G. Boudoire)

Coupled measurements of strombolian activity (photo F. Donnadieu)

Related publications :

  • Boudoire G., Liuzzo M., Cappuzzo S., Griuffrida G., Cosenza P., Derrien A., Falcone E.E. (2020). The SoilExp software: An open-source Graphical User Interface (GUI) for post-processing spatial and temporal soil surveys. Computers and Geosciences – DOI:10.1016/j.cageo.2020.104553
  • Calabrò L., Harris A., Thouret J.C. (2020). Media views of the Stromboli 2002–2003 eruption and evacuation: a content analysis to understand framing of risk communication during a volcanic crisis. Journal of Applied Volcanology vol.9, – DOI:10.1186/s13617-020-00094-0
  • Colo L., Ripepe M., Gurioli L., Harris A. (2020). Fragmentation Processes During Strombolian Explosions Revealed Using Particle Size Distribution Mapping. Frontiers in Earth Science vol.8, p.356, – DOI:10.3389/feart.2020.00356
  • Kelfoun K., Harris A., Bontemps M., Labazuy P., Chausse F., Ripepe M., Donnadieu F. (2020). A method for 3D reconstruction of volcanic bomb trajectories. Bulletin of Volcanology vol.82, p.34, 4, – DOI:10.1007/s00445-020-1372-z
  • Freret-Lorgeril V., Gilchrist J., Donnadieu F., Jellinek A.M., Delanoë J., Latchimy T., Vinson J.P., Caudoux C., Peyrin F., Hervier C., Valade S., 2020. Ash sedimentation by fingering and sediment thermals from wind-advected volcanic plumes. Earth Planet. Sc. Lett. 534, 116072. doi :10.1016/j.epsl.2020.116072.
  • Freret-Lorgeril V., Donnadieu F., Eychenne J., Soriaux C., Latchimy T., 2019. In situ terminal settling velocity measurements at Stromboli volcano: Input from physical characterization of ash. J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res. 374, 62-79.
  • Chevalier L., Donnadieu F., 2015. Considerations on ejection velocity estimation from infrared radiometer data: a case study at Stromboli volcano. J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res., 302:130-140.
  • Harris A.J.R., Valade S., Sawyer G., Donnadieu F., Battaglia J., Gurioli L., Kelfoun K., Labazuy P., Stachowicz T., Bombrun M., Barra V., Delle Donne D., and Lacanna G., 2013. Modern Multispectral Sensors Help Track Explosive Eruptions. E.O.S., 94, 37, p.321-322.



(photo F. Donnadieu)

Freret-Lorgeril V., Donnadieu F., Scollo S., Provost A., Fréville P., Guéhenneux Y., Hervier C., Prestifilippo M., Coltelli M., 2018. Mass eruption rates of tephra plumes during the 2011–2015 lava fountain paroxysms at Mt. Etna from Doppler radar retrievals. Front. Earth Sci. 6:73. doi: 10.3389/feart.2018.00073

Donnadieu F., Freville P., Hervier C., Coltelli M., Scollo S., Prestifilipo M., Valade S., Rivet S., Cacault P., 2016. Near-source Doppler radar monitoring of tephra plumes at Etna. J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res. 312:26-39, DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2016.01.009.

Marzano F.S., Mereu L., Scollo S., Donnadieu F. and Bonadonna C., 2020. Tephra Mass Eruption Rate from Ground-based X-Band and L-Band Microwave Radars during the 23 November 2013 Etna Paroxysm. IEEE Trans. Geosc. Remote Sensing, 58, 5, 3314 – 3327. doi: 10.1109/TGRS.2019.2953167.

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